Digital Signal Processing

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours

1.Discrete time signals and systems

Signal and system classification, time and frequency domain representation.

2.Discrete time signal analysis and linear systems

Linear time invariant system. Linear time invariance. Unit impulse system response.

Causality, stability, IIR and FIR systems. Difference calculations and its solutions.

Fourier transforms, frequency response, linear phase system. Sampling of analog signals.

3.Z-transforms and its properties

Analysis of LTI systems in Z-transform.

4.Realization of digital systems

Recursive and non-recursive structures. Block diagram and signal flow graphs Direct cascade, parallel, ladder and lattice realization.

5.Design of IIR digital filters

Approximation theory impulse invariance and bilinear transformations. Frequency transformations. Computer aided design techniques.

6.Design of IIR digital filters

Windowing and frequency sampling techniques. Computer aided design methods.

7.Discrete Fourier transforms

Discrete time Fourier series. Discrete time Fourier transforms. Properties, circular convolution and computation of DFT.

8.FFT algorithm

Basic D-I-T and D-I-F algorithms Computational efficiency considerations.

9.Finite word length effects

Quantization errors and their effects on performance of digital signal processor.

10. Digital signal processing applications

Introduction to image processing, speech and audio processing.

Text Books / references:

1.A.V. Oppenheim and R.W. Schafer - Discrete Time Signal Processing, Prentice-Hall of India.

2.J. G. Proakis and D.G. Manolakis - Digital Signal Processing: principles, Algorithms and Applications, Prentice-Hall of India.

3.Alkin - Digital Signal Processing : A Laboratory Approach using PC-DSP, Prentice-Hall of India.

4.MATLAB User's Guide, Math Works Inc.


Mobile Communications

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours

1.Introduction to Wireless Communications

The wireless vision. Applications and requirements. The obstacles and challenges. A brief historical tour. Standards. Spectrum regulation and de-regulation. Classification of wireless systems. The cellular concept and its guiding principles. Frequency reuse. Handoff. Some essentials on traffic theory.

2.Antennas & Propagation

Antenna fundamentals. Radiation patterns, gain and effective area. Reciprocity. Friis formula. Free-space propagation. Ray tracing. Empirical models. Large-scale path loss, Shadow fading. Cell coverage and outages.

3.The Mobile Radio Channel

Multipath propagation and fading. Doppler spectrum and coherence time. Slow and fast fading. Narrowband signals. Stationarity. Power angular spectrum and correlation, Fading distributions: Rayleigh, Ricean and Nakagami. Level crossing rates and average fade durations.

4.Wideband Radio Channels

Frequency-selective fading. Coherence bandwidth. Delay spread and intersymbol interference. Equalization. OFDM.

5.Channel Capacity

Basic information theory notions. Shannon’s coding theorem. Capacity. Side information. Capacity of AWGN and faded channels. Rate adaptation. Capacity of frequency-selective channels.


Concept of diversity. Macroscopic and microscopic diversity. Diversity mechanisms: frequency, time, space, polarization and pattern. Diversity combining: selection, equal-ratio, combining and maximal-ratio combining. Performance. Transmit diversity.

7.Spread Spectrum

Spread spectrum principles. Direct-sequence spread spectrum. RAKE receivers, Frequency-hopping spread spectrum.

8.Multiple Access

Multiuser channels: uplink and downlink. Multiple access schemes: orthogonal (FDMA, TDMA and OFDMA) and non- orthogonal (CDMA and SDMA).

Text books / references:

·Andrea Goldsmith – Wireless Communications, Cambrid ge University Press, 2005.

·David Tse and Pramod Viswanath – Fundamentals of Wi reless Communication, Cambridge University Press, 2005.

·John Proakis – Digital Communication, McGraw-Hill.

·W. C. Y. Lee - Mobile Communication Design Fundamentals, John Wiley and Sons, 1993, 2/e.

·T. S. Rappaport - Wireless Communication, Prentice Hall, 1996.

·W. C. Y. Lee - Mobile Cellular Telecummunications, McGraw - Hill, 1995, 2/e.

·G. H. Stubber - Principles of Mobile Communications, Kluwer, 1996.


Advanced Embedded Systems

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hrs


Introduction to embedded systems with examples, embedded system design & modeling with unified markup language (UML)

2.ARM processor fundamentals

Introduction to microprocessors and microcontrollers

8-bit and 16- bit, von Neumann and Harvard architectures, CISC and RISC architectures, open source core (LEOX), ARM versions, ARM instruction set: programming model, assembly language, Thumb instruction set, memory organization, data operations and flow control. CPUs: Input/output mechanisms, isolated and memory mapped IO; interrupts and real time operations, ARM interrupts vectors, priorities and latency; supervisor modes, exceptions, traps, co-processors; cache memory and memory management.

3.Embedded Platforms

CPUs: bus protocols, system bus configuration, USB and SPI buses, DMA, ARM bus; memory devices: memory device configuration, ROM, RAM, DRAM; I/O devices: timers, counters, ADC & DAC, keyboards, displays and touch screens.

4.Processes and Operating Systems

Multiple tasks and multiple processes; process abstraction; context switching: cooperative multitasking, preemptive multitasking, process and object-oriented design; operating systems and RTOS; scheduling polices; inter-process communication


Distributed embedded architectures: networks abstractions, hardware and software architectures; networks for embedded systems: I2C bus, CAN bus; examples. Case studies: Inkjet printer, telephone exchange, etc.


1.W. Wolf, "Computers as components: Principles of embedded computing system design", 2/e, Elsevier, 2008.

2.A. N. Sloss, D. Symes, and C. Wright, "ARM system developer's guide: Designing and optimizing system software", Elsevier, 2008.


1.Product data sheet LPC 2141/42/44/46/48. NXP Semiconductors.

2.ARM7TDMI Technical Reference Manual, ARM Limited.

3.Jack Ganssle, "The art of designing embedded systems", 2/e, Elsevier, 2008.

4.Michael Barr, “Programming Embedded Systems in C an d C++”, O'Really, 1999.

5.Kirk Zurell, “C Programming for Embedded Systems”, CMP Books, 2000.


Thermal and Hydroelectric Power Systems

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hrs

Part A: Hydroelectric Power Stations


Potential of hydropower in India- its development and future prospect

2.General hydrology

Hydrological cycle, precipitation, run-off and its measurement, hydrography, unit hydrograph, flow duration and mass curve. Site investigations.

3.Classification of hydroelectric power plants

Pondage and storage, Operating principles of different types of hydel plants like run-off-the-river type, Storage reservoir plant-pumped storage plant

4.Design, construction and operation of different components

Dams, spillways, Canals, penstocks, surge tanks, draft tubes etc;

5.Power – house structure.

Selection of prime mover, speed and pressure regulation, methods of governing, starting and stopping of water turbines, operation of hydro turbines. Machine loading and frequency control

6.Maintenance of hydropower plants

PART B: Thermal systems Design:

7.Laws of thermodynamics

Zeroth law- Concept of equilibrium- Principles of thermometry- Fixed points, First law of thermodynamics and its application to open and closed systems- Concept of internal energy- Steady Flow energy equation-Processes of closed systems, Second Law of thermodynamics- Various statements- Carnot cycle-Irreversible and Reversible processes- Thermodynamic efficiency and temperature scales- Concept of entropy- Entropy changes in various processes.

8.Properties of steam

Latent heat-Saturation pressure and temperature- Dryness fraction- Degree of superheat- Total heat; Rankines cycles.

9.Air Standard cycles

Otto, Diesel- Principles of working and description of two- and four stroke SI and CI engines- Representations of processes on T-S and PV diagrams.

Suggested Text Books & References:

Hydroelectric Power Systems

·Jagdish Lal, “ Hydraulic Machines”, Metropolitan bo ok company(P) ltd.

·Modi , P.N., & Seth, S.M.,”Hydraulic & Fluid mechan ics including Hydraulic Machines”, Standard Book Ho use


·Guthrie Brown,”Hydroelectric Engg. Practice”,2 nd ed.(in 3 vols.)

·Vol. I : Civil Engineering

·Vol.II : Mechanical & Electrical Engg.

·Vol III : Economics, Operation , Maintenance

·Hydro Power an Indian Perspective, Author-Cum-Editor Dr. B.S.K. Naidu , Director General , NPTI.

· Hydro –Electric and Pump storage Plants – MG Jog , Wiley Eastern Limited.

·Micro Hydroelectric Power Stations – By L.Monition, Power Ststions-

·By L.Monition , Mle Nir, J.Roux translated by Joan Mc Mullan, John Wiley & Sons.

·Hydro Power by Professor Dr. Ing. Joachim Raable VDI- Verlag, Gmbtt.

·Hydro Power Plant Familarisation, NPTI Publication.

For Thermal Systems

·Engineering Thermodynamics by P.K Nag.

·Power Plant Engineering - P. K. Nag - Tata McGraw Hill

·A Course in Power Plant Engineering by Arora and Domkundwar, Dhanpat Rai and. Co .Pvt.Ltd.

·Fundamentals of Thermodynamics by Cengel and Boles.

·Thermodynamics by Radhakrishnan.

EEE703 (CS575)

Software Engineering

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours


Life cycle models

2.Function oriented software design

Structured analysis and structured design.

3.Object Oriented Design

User interface design, GUI design primitives, Window management system and the XWindows system.

4.Coding and Testing

Coding standard and unit testing.

5.Software requirements, analysis and specification

Informal and formal specification.

6.Project management

Estimation, scheduling, risk management and configuration management.

7.Software reliability and quality assurance

Reliability metrics and growth modeling, ISO-9000, SEI and CMM.

8.Software maintenance and CASE tools.

Text Books / References:

1.An Integrated Approach to Software Engineering by Jalote. Narosa Publishing House

2.Software Engineering by R. S. Pressman, McGraw Hill\

3.Software Engineering by R. Mall, PHI.


Power System Stability and Control

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours

1.Power System Structure

Operating states, control problem, control loops. Hydraulic and steam turbine, Effect of exciter and governor. Excitation system – requirements, functions, types and modelin g of excitation systems.

2.Control of Power and Frequency

Power, Frequency characteristics, control of voltage, frequency and tie-line power flows, Automatic Generation Control, Division of load, Area control, Computer control of load and frequency, under-frequency load shedding.

3.Control of voltage and Reactive Power

Relation between voltage, power and reactive power, Generation and absorption of reactive power, voltage control, and voltage stability analysis.

4.Stability: Concepts

Steady state and transient stability, swing equation for single and multi machine system, small signal stability, excitation system, Dynamic and transient stability analysis of single machine and multi-machine systems, power system stabilizer design and analysis for stability problem.

5.Transient Stability

Solution of swing equations, swing curves, stability criterion, Techniques for the improvement of stability, operation under abnormal and distressed condition.

Reference Books :

·Prabha Kundur, “Power system stability and control” , Mc-Graw Hill Inc, New York, 1993.

·Taylor C.W., “Power System Voltage Stability”, Mc-G raw Hill Inc, New York, 1993.

·Nagrath IJ, Kothari D.P., “Power System Engineering ”, Tata Mc-Graw Hills, New Delhi 1994.

·Weedy B.M. “Electric Power System” John Wiley and S ons, 3rd edition.

·Elgerd O.I., “Electric Energy Systems Theory”, TMH, New Delhi, Second Edition 1983.

·P.S.R. Murthy, “Power System Operation and Control” , Tata Mc-Graw Hill, New Delhi 1984.

EEE705 (ET 766) Multimedia

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours


History of Multimedia Systems, Hypermedia/Multimedia, HyperText/HyperMedia, Overview of Multimedia Software Tools, Music Sequencing and Notation, Graphics Image and Video Editing, Multimedia Authoring.

2.Issues in Multimedia authoring

Multimedia Authoring Metaphors, Content Design, Scripting(Writing), Graphics(Illustrating), Animation(Wiggling), Audio(Hearing), Interactivity (Interacting)

3.Multimedia Data Representations

Basics of Digital audio, Introduction to MIDI(Musical Instrument Digital Interface), Graphics/ Image File Formats, Standard System Independent Formats, System Dependent Formats, Color in Image and Video, Basics of Video, Types of Color Video Signals, Digital Video.

4.Video and Audio Compression

Basics of Information Theory, Lossless Compression Algorithms, Huffman Coding, Lempel-Ziv-Welch Algorithm, Image Compression-JPEG, 4 JPEG modes, JPEG 2000, Video Compression, H.261, H.263, MPEG, New MPEG Standards, Audio Compression,

Simple Audio Compression Methods, Psychoacoustics.

Text Books/ References

·Multimedia System Design by Adeleigh and Thakrar.

·Multimedia at Work by T. Vaughan

·Introduction to Data Compression by Khalid Sayood

EEE706 (ET 765)

Integrated Circuit Technology

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours

1.Basic Outline of fabrication techniques

Silicon bipolar transistor as an example. Cost

benefits of mass produced circuit blocks, reliability and performance considerations. Disadvantages. Exploiting the inherent component matching capabilities of I.C.s -

example from linear and digital circuits. Introductory ideas about crystal growth and wafer preparation. Short description of the Czochralski process.

2.Diffusion process

Simple diffusion theory and the evaluation of impurity diffused in

silicon - determination of junction depth and sheet resistance. Oxidation and epitaxial growth of silicon. Pre-deposition and drive-in diffusions in junction devices. Fick's law, distribution of impurities and the calculation of emitter and base depths. Lateral diffusion.

Diffusion related parameters for boron and phosphorous. Preparation of a simple process schedule.


Optical lithography, minimum line-width consideration, layout fundamentals and mask making. Brief references to X-ray, electron beam and deep UV lithography.


Aluminium metallization, resistance heated evapovated and CVD methods. Brief mention about metallization failures -- step covering and electromigration. Other method of interconnection.

5.Passive components

MOS capacitors and resistors. Calculation of area and the layout of capacitors and resistors, NMOS and CMOS fabrication techniques. Polysilicon self aligned gate devices.

6.Layout of simple Circuits.

Introduction to VLSI processing and layout Stick diagrams and layout and simulation tools.

7.Other related processes

Ion implantation, dry etching, sputtering, assembly and reliability related evaluation

8.Future trends

Text Books / references:

·Douglas J. Hamilton and William G. Howard - Basic Integrated Circuit Engineering, McGraw-Hill Book Company.

·S M. Sze - Basic VLSI Technology. McGraw-Hill Book Company

·Douglas A. Pucknell and Karman Eshraghain - Basic VLSI Design, Prentice Hall of India.

·Andrew S. Grove - Physics and Technology of Semiconductor Devices, John Wiley and Sons.

·R Jacob Baker, Harry W. Li and David E. Boyce - CMOS circuit design layout and simulation, PHI.

EEE707 (CS 574) System Programming

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours


Definition and classification of system software.


Assembly language, Assembly process, Assembler data structures, Assembler macros and macroprocessors.

3.Linkers and loaders

Basic concepts, Static and Dynamic linking, shared libraries, loaders, overlays. Case study of UNIX linking system, Windows DLL, OLE, ActiveX.


Types, features, case study : sdb/dbx.


Types, Structure, case study of vi, sed and wordstar.

6.Unix Utilities

Make, RCS, sed, grep, awk, etc.

7.Compiler Principles.


·Dhandhere, System programming and operating systems, Tata McGraw Hill.

·Beck, System Software

·Sumitabha Das, Unix System V.4 Concepts and Applications, TMH.

·Linux Manuals.

·Windows Manuals.


Robotics and Embedded System

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours


Robots and embedded controllers and operating systems,


position, velocity, acceleration, digital camera;


H-bridge, Pulse Width Modulation, Servos, Stepper Motors, Control: PID, Multiple Motors, V-Omega Interface;


Cooperative, Preemptive, Synchronization, Scheduling, Interrupts and Timers; Mobile Robot Design,

5.Driving Robots:

Single wheel, differential drive etc, drive Kinematics; Omni-directional Robots, Balancing Robots, Walking Robots, Autonomous planes, autonoumous vehicles and underwater vessels;

6.Localization and Navigation

Probabilistic, Dijkstra's algorithm, A* Algorithm; Maze Exploration algorithms; Map Generation: Mapping Algorithm, Boundary Following Algorithm; Basics of Real Time Image Processing: Color Detection, Image Segmentation; Neural Networks, genetic algorithms``


Electrical Distribution System

Theory: 100 marks

Sessional: 75 marks

Time: 3 hours


Introduction to distribution systems, Load modelling and characteristics. Coincidence factor, contribution factor loss factor - Relationship between the load factor and loss factor. Classification of loads (Residential, commercial, Agricultural and Industrial) and their characteristics.


Design Considerations of Distribution Feeders: Radial and loop types of primary feeders, voltage levels, feeder loading; basic design practice of the secondary distribution system.


Location of Substations: Rating of distribution substation, service area within primary feeders. Benefits derived through optimal location of substations.


Voltage drop and power-loss calculations: Derivation for voltage drop and power loss in lines, manual methods of solution for radial networks, three phase balanced primary lines.


Objectives of distribution system protection, types of common faults and procedure for fault calculations. Protective Devices: Principle of operation of Fuses, Circuit Reclosures, line sectionalizes, and circuit breakers


Coordination of Protective Devices: General coordination procedure.


Capacitive compensation for power-factor control Different types of power capacitors, shunt and series capacitors, effect of shunt capacitors (Fixed and switched) Power factor correction, capacitor allocation - Economic justification - Procedure to determine the best capacitor location


Voltage Control: Equipment for voltage control, effect of series capacitors, effect of AVB/AVR, line drop compensation.


· “Electric Power Distribution system, Engineering” – by Turan Gonen, Mc Graw-hill Book Company.

·Electric Power Distribution – by A.S. Pabla, Tata M c Graw-hill Publishing company, 4th edition, 1997.


·Electrical Power Distribution and Automation by S.Sivanagaraju, V.Sankar, Dhanpat Rai & Co, 2006

·Electrical Power Distribution Systems by V.Kamaraju, Right Publishers.