HU 501 Economics and Principles of Management

Theory: 100 + 50

Sessional: 50 + 25

Time: 3 hours

Part A. Economics


Meaning, nature and scope;

2.Consumer behaviour and demand analysis

Alternate theories on consumer behavior.

3.Producer behaviour

Production function. Production analysis and input demand. Cost Analysis Estimation of cost functions. Managerial uses of cost functions.

4.Price and output determination

Price concepts; Pricing under different objectives; Profit and break even analysis, Differential pricing; Alternative market models; Market structure and Government intervention.

5.Investment analysis

Time value of money. Cash flows and measures of investment worth; investment analysis.


Why money matters, value of money- Quantity theory of Money; index numbers. Interest rate determination.

7.The financial system

The Central bank, Stock Exchange and the market for securities, Money market instruments.

8.International trade

Theories of international trade. The world Trading Environment- Multilateralism and Bilateralism.

9.Emerging Economic and Business environment


·Samuelson and Nordhaus: Economics. Irwin McGraw Hill

·Gupta, G.S, Managerial Economics

·H. Davis Managerial Economics

·Sengupta, A.K and Agarwala M.K. Money Market Operations in India: Skylark Publications, New Delhi

Part B. Principles of Management

1.Management- concepts, status and functions

Role of management. Management skills. Effective versus successful managerial activities. Motivation- early and contemporary theories on motivation- implication of managers and applications.

2.Group behavior and group dynamics

Foundations of group behavior, Defining and classifying groups; stages of group development; group interaction;

External conditions; Group member resources; Group structure;

3.Group processes

Tasks and decision making. 3. Leadership- Leadership theories. Recent approach to leadership and contemporary issues in leadership.

4.Organizational dynamics

Organizational change and stress management. Human factors in industry- fatigue and symptoms. Fatigue control.

5.Human resource policies and practices

Selection practices, Training and development programmes; Performance Evaluation; Union- Management interface; Managing diversity in organizations.

6.Investment analysis

Time value of money. Cash flows and measures of investment worth; Investment analysis.

7.Projects and Project evaluation

Economic and financial evaluation of projects. Economic and social cost benefits analysis.


·Essentials of Management- J.L. Marcis

·Organizational behaviour, Concepts, Controversies and Applications, Stephen P. Robbins

·Gupta, G.S, Managerial Economics

EE 542

Control System I

Theory Marks: 100

Sessional Marks: 50

Lab Marks: 50

1.Elementary Concepts: of control systems

Open loop and closed loop systems. Examples of modern control systems, Definition of linear, non-linear, time- invariant and time variant, continuous and discrete control system.

2.Models of physical systems

Formulation of differential equations for dynamic systems. Mechanical and Electrical systems. Transfer functions of a linear system. Block diagrams and reduction techniques, Signal flow graphs. Mason’s formula. Standard test signals - step, ramp, parabolic and impulse. Impulse response.

3.Introduction to control system components

error detectors, servo motors, techno-generators and servo amplifiers. Determination of transfer functions.

4.Time domain analysis

Poles, Zeros and characteristic equations, Relation between S-plane root locations and transient response. Performance specifications in time domain such as overshot, rise time, settling time and steady state error. Transient response of second order systems. Derivative and Integral Control and their effect on the performance of the 2nd order system. System types and error constants. Generalized error co-efficients. Transient response of higher order systems (out line only). Roth’s stability criterion, scopes and limitations of Routh’s criterion.

5.The root locus technique

Introduction, Rule for construction. System analysis and design ( out line only ) using root locus.

6.Frequency Domain analysis

Logarithmic plots, polar plots, log-magnitude Vs phase plots.

Nyquist stability criterion, Stability analysis. Relative stability. Close loop frequency response. Experimental determination of transfer functions. M and N circle.


·Automatic Control System – Kuo

·Modern Control Engineering – Ogata

·Control System Engineering - Nagrath and Gopal

·Control System Components – Gibson and Teylor


Power Electronics

Theory Marks: 100

Sessional Marks: 50

Lab Marks: 50

1. Operational Amplifier:

Features of an ideal, OP- AMP and typical applications, definitions of important terms including voltage and current off – sets, common- mode range, common – m ode rejection ratio, power supply rejection ratio, slew rate, Zener diode voltage reference and voltage/ current sources in OP- AMP.

2. Regulated D.C. Power supplies

Requirements and principles Constant voltage and current regulators, use of ICs,

Line regulation, introduction to switching regulators.

3.Semiconductor Power Devices

Introduction, power diodes, power transistors and SCRs and their operations, GTOs, Triacs and other types of thyristors, their characteristics, ratings, mounting and cooling. Series and parallel connections of SCRs. Triggering and control.

4.Converter Operation with SCRs

Single phase half- wave, full- wave and bridge circuits, three- phase half wave and bridge circuits, six- phase with interphase transformer, fully controlled and half- controlled circuits. Effects of load and source inductance. Dual converter and cycloconverter operating modes. Line commuted inverters, firing and control circuits for different operations.

5.Forward commutation and Forced

Commutated inverters: Forced commutation circuits, parallel, series and bridge (single- phase and three- phase) inverters, McMurray and McMurray- Bedford inverter circuits, Voltage and current source inverters. Output voltage control harmonics eliminations. Firing circuits for inverters.


Principles of operation, classification, DC, AC, and multi- quadrant choppers, Morgan’s, Jones, and Mazda’s choppers. Application.

7. Applications of SCRs

SCR battery chargers, replacement of electromechanical devices by SCRs.


·Gray, P.E.&c.L.Scurle: Electronic Principles- Wiley Eastern.

·Grabane, A.B.:Analog integrated Circuit Degign- Van Nortrand.

·Ramamoorthy, m.: An Introduction to Thyristors and their Applications- East West Press.

·Rashid, M.H. Power Electronics, Circuits, Devices and Applications- Prentice Hall of India.

·Sen, P.C.: Power Electronics- TMH.

·Dubey et al; Thyristorised Power Controllers- Wiley Eastern..


Electric Power System-I

Theory Marks: 100

Sessional Marks: 50

1.General Introduction

Introduction to power system, Single line diagram.


Different systems and their comparison based on relative copper efficiencies, Concentrated and distributed loads in radial distributors fed at one and both ends. Ring mains. Stepped distributors, sub mains, feeders. Design of distributors, feeder and distribution substation.

3.Line constants

Resistance – Conductor materials. ACSR expanded ACS R, hollow and bundle Conductors. Use of standard wire tables.

Inductance- Inductance of solid cylindrical conductor, composite conductor. Concept of G.M.D. Inductance of single conductor with ground return, 2-conductor single phase line, inductance of three phase single circuit and double circuit lines with symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing. Skin effect and proximity effect. Bundle conductors. Internal impedance of conductor. Bessel real and Bessel imaginary.

Capacitance- Capacitance of isolated conductor, 2-conductor single phase line, three phase single circuit and double circuit lines with symmetrical and unsymmetrical spacing. Method of image and effect of ground. Charging current.

4.Performance of Transmission Lines

Performance of short- length and medium- length lines; Nominal- T and Nominal- pi representation. Performance of long transmission lines. Interpretation of the long- line equations. SIL. Ferranti effect. Generalized line constants and their application. Receiving- end, sending- end and universal Power-circle diagrams. Calculation of synchronous phase modifier capacity (SPM).line regulation. Maximum power limits. Efficiency of transmission line.

5.Mechanical design

Supporting structure for overhead lines. Towers(A,B,C,D and DE types), Disposition of conductors, spacing between conductors, length of span, calculation of sag and tension for equal and unequal suspension levels. Stringing chart, sag template, vibration and vibration damper.


Different types of insulators. Leakage path, wet flashover and dry flashover distances, potential distribution over a string of suspension insulators, Methods of equalizing the potential. String efficiency.


Insulating materials. Construction of single core and multi-core cables, Armouring, laying and jointing H.V cables: pressure cables- oil filled and gas filled cables. Stress and capacitance of single core cable, most economical size of conductor. Capacitance and inter-sheath grading. Dielectric stress in bushing insulator. Capacitance and stress in 3 core cable, sheath effects, sheath current, insulation resistance, breakdown voltage and mechanism of breakdown. Thermal characteristics of cables.


Corona discharge, disruptive corona voltage and visual critical voltage, factors effecting corona, corona power loss,

empirical laws, line design based on corona, advantages and disadvantages of corona, radio interference, inductive interference between power and communication lines


·Electrical Power—S.L.Uppal.

·Electrical Power System---C.L.Wadha.

·Electrical Power System’s design—M.V. Despande.

·Switchgear principles—P.H.J.Crane.

·Switchgear and Protection—S.S. Rao

·Switchgear and Protection-- M.V. Despande.


Analog Electronic Systems

Theory Marks: 100

Sessional Marks: 50

Lab Marks: 50

1.Frequency response of amplifiers

High frequency device models, frequency response, GBW, methods of short circuit and open circuit time constants, dominant pole approximation

2.Feedback amplifiers

Basic feedback topologies and their properties, analysis of practical feedback amplifiers, stability

3.Power amplifiers

Class A, B, AB, C, D, E stages, output stages, short circuit protection, power transistors and thermal design considerations

4.Differential amplifiers

DC and small signal analysis, CMRR, current mirrors, active load and cascode configurations, frequency response; case study: 741 op-amp – DC and small signal analys is, frequency response, frequency compensation, GBW, phase margin, slew rate, offsets; CMOS realizations: current source, sink and mirrors, differential amplifiers, multistage amplifiers

5.Signal generation and waveform shaping

Sinusoidal oscillators- RC, LC, and crystal oscillators, Schmitt trigger; Analog subsystems: analog switches, voltage comparator, voltage regulator, switching regulator, bandgap reference voltage source, analog multiplier

6.Filter approximations

Butterworth, Chebyshev and elliptic, first order and second order passive/active filter realizations


Advanced Digital Systems using HDLs

Theory Marks: 100

Sessional Marks: 50

Lab Marks: 50

1.Advanced digital circuit design

Syntax of a HDL such as Verilog, Design of standard Combinational logic circuits at RT level, Design of Regular Sequential Circuit, Design of FSM and FSMD, Communication peripherals such as UART

2.Processor Design Fundamentals

Design of a microprocessor with at least addition, multiplication and logical instructions; control unit may be designed at behavioural level or if time permits to be designed using principles of FSM at RT level.


·Samir Palnitkar, Verilog HDL, Pearson Education, 2008

·Charles Roth, Digital System design using VHDL, PWS Publishing Company, 2001

·Hill J. Frederic and G. R. Peterson - Digital Systems: Hardware Organization and. Design, John Wiley and Sons, 3/e

·Hill and Peterson, Computer Aided Logical Design with emphasis on VLSI, John Wiley and Sons,1993

EE 542L

Control Systems Lab


Power Electronics Lab


Analog Electronic Systems Lab

Experiments using BJTs, FETs, op-amps and other integrated circuits: Multistage amplifiers, automatic gain controlled amplifiers, programmable gain amplifiers; frequency response of amplifiers; voltage regulator with short circuit protection; phase locked loop; waveform generators; filters.


·A. P. Malvino, Electronic Principles, Tata McGraw-Hill, 2007.

·R. A. Gayakwad, Op-amps and Linear Integrated Circuits, Prentice Hall India, 2004.

·P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The Art of Electronics, Cambridge University Press, 2002.


Advanced Digital Systems using HDLs

Design of simple combinational circuits, sequential circuits, UART controllers, a simple microprocessor with basic instructions and control unit. If available, to port them on FPGA.